Solo Paz

Guaranteeing the Participation of the Ethnic Commission is Necessary for Building Real Peace

ACSN expresses its solidarity with Ethnic Commission, which is constituted by the National Afro-Colombian Peace Council (CONPA), the National Organization of Indigenous Communities (ONIC), and the High Government of Indigenous Authorities. The ethnoterritorial authorities, social movements and organizations that are part of the Ethnic Commission have struggled to participate in the negotiations between the Colombian government and the FARC in spite of their exclusion from the negotiations since they started on September 4, 2012 until March of this year. Their participation in the construction of peace in Colombia is necessary, especially in light of the fact that ethnic peoples have been disproportionately affected by the internal armed conflict and – according to the United Nations – they are also at risk of being adversely affected once the peace accords are implemented. Therefore, it is necessary that the representatives of indigenous and Afro-Colombian peoples are included in a meaningful and consistent way in this process. It is the only way to guarantee a stable and sustainable peace for all Colombians.

We participated as international observers in the bilateral meeting between the Ethnic Commission and the FARC in Havana between July 6 and July 10, 2016. This bilateral meeting was authorized by the national government and corresponds with agreements made between the government and the Ethnic Commission during the Agrarian Minga. As a result of the hearing on June 26 and 27, 2016, we recognize that some steps are being taken to ensure the inclusion of the ethnic perspective in the peace accords. However, we affirm that their participation should be guaranteed through the following mechanisms:

  1. The formation of a Tripartite Ethnic Commission that consists of the Colombian government, the FARC, and the Ethnic Commission. This Commission would assume the technical aspects of including the demands of ethnic peoples.
  2. The inclusion of an Ethnic Chapter in the final accords. This chapter should contain principles for application, safeguards, monitoring mechanisms, and guarantees for ensuring that the new legislative and institutional frameworks will not affect the constitutional and internationally recognized rights of ethnic peoples.
  3. The resolution of urgent humanitarian issues related to the conflict that include – but are not limited – to the militarization of ethnic communities through quartering and anti-personal landmines, the persistence of extractive industries (both “legal” and “illegal”) in ethnic territories, femicides, and threats against social leaders and communities.

We hope that the bilateral meeting on Thursday, July 14, between the Ethnic Commission and the peace delegation from the Government of Colombia will advance this agenda.

The ACSN calls on all human rights and other social justice organizations in the United States and Colombia to express their support for the full participation of the Ethnic Commission in the peace process negotiations in Havana, Cuba. The Colombian Government and FARC must guarantee an end to the displacement, dispossession of ancestral territories, and environmentally destructive extraction of natural resources that has characterized the last few decades. Guaranteeing Afro-Colombian communities’ full participation in this peace process is necessary for building a lasting peace.

Solo Paz

Garantizar la participación de la Comisión Étnica es construir la Paz verdadera

ACSN expresa su solidaridad con la Comisión Étnica constituida por el Consejo Nacional de Paz Afrocolombiana (CONPA), la Organización Nacional Indígena de Colombiana (ONIC) y las Autoridades Indígenas Gobierno Mayor. Las autoridades etnoterritoriales, los movimientos sociales y las organizaciones que hacen parte de la Comisión Étnica han promovido su plena participación en las negociaciones entre el gobierno colombiano y las Farc a pesar de que ellas fueron excluidas desde que iniciaron las negociaciones el 4 de septiembre de 2012 hasta marzo de este año. Su participación en la construcción de paz en Colombia es necesario así que los pueblos étnicos han sido afectados desproporcionalmente por el conflicto armado interno y según las Naciones Unidas están en riesgo de ser afectados adversamente una vez que se implementa los acuerdos de paz. Es fundamental que los y las representantes de los pueblos indígenas y afrocolombianos se incluyen de una manera significativa y consistente en este proceso. Es la única manera de garantizar una paz estable y sostenible para todos los colombianos.

Participamos como observadores internacionales en la reunión bilateral entre la Comisión Étnica y las Farc en la Habana entre el 6 y el 10 de julio de 2016. Esta reunión bilateral contó con la autorización del gobierno nacional y corresponde a uno de los acuerdos entre el gobierno y la Comisión Étnica en el marco de la Minga Agraria. Reconocemos que como resultado de la audiencia que tuvo lugar el 26 y 27 de junio de 2017 que se están dando algunos pasos para asegurar la inclusión de la perspectiva étnica en los acuerdos de paz. Sin embargo, afirmamos que su participación debe ser garantizado por medio de lo siguiente:

  1. La formación de una Comisión Étnica Tripartita que consiste del Gobierno de Colombia, las Farc y la Comisión Étnica. Esta Comisión se encargará de los aspectos técnicos de incorporar las demandas de los pueblos étnicos.
  2. La inclusión de un Capitulo Étnico en los acuerdos finales. Este capitulo debería contener principios de aplicación, salvaguardas, mecanismos de seguimiento, y garantías para asegurar que ninguno de los derechos constitucionales e internacionales de los pueblos étnicos puede ser afectado por el nuevo bloque legislativo e institucional.
  3. La resolución de afectaciones humanitarias urgentes relacionadas al conflicto que pueden incluir – pero no son limitadas – a la militarización en las comunidades étnicas por medio de acuartelamiento y las minas antipersonas, la persistencia de industrias extractivistas (“licitas” e “ilícitas”) en los territorios étnicos, femicidios, y amenazas a lideres sociales y comunidades.

Esperamos que la reunión bilateral entre la Comisión Étnica y la delegación de paz del gobierno colombiano que tendrá lugar el jueves 14 de julio avanzará en este agenda.

ACSN urge que todas las organizaciones de derechos humanos y justicia social en los Estados Unidos y Colombia expresan su apoyo por la plena participación de la Comisión Étnica en los procesos de paz en La Habana, Cuba. El gobierno colombiano y las Farc deben garantizar poner fin al desplazamiento forzado, el despojo de los territorios ancestrales y la extracción destructiva de los recursos naturales que han caracterizada los últimos décadas. Garantizar la plena participación de las comunidades afrocolombianas en este proceso de paz es necesario para construir una paz duradera.

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Revolutionary Mothering in Northern Cauca, Colombia

PDF Version: Revolutionary Mothering in Northern Cauca

“We invite all the women anywhere in the world who have given birth to life, we who have given birth to humanity, to continue giving birth to the liberty of our peoples. To continue giving birth to liberty for nature, and for this humanity that is at the brink of collapse”
Francia Marquez – Spokeswoman of the Black Women’s Mobilization for the Care of Life and Ancestral Territories.

“Those of us who nurture the lives of those children who are not supposed to exist, who are not supposed to grow up, who are revolutionary in their very beings are doing some of the most subversive work in the world. If we don’t know it, the establishment does.”
Alexis Pauline Gumbs – Revolutionary Mothering.

In a most timely anthology, “Revolutionary Mothering: Love on the Front Lines” a new generation of writers, poets, activists, and mothers elaborate on the powerful evocations of their foremothers to highlight a radical reframing of mothering as a social, rather than biological, “practice of creating, nurturing, affirming and supporting life.” In discussing their editorial work, Mai’a Williams and Alexis Pauline Gumbs, raise the question of what and how it means to mother while at the front lines of resistance in both material and imaginary senses. For Black Women in Northern Cauca, the assault on their ability to care for themselves, each other, their children and their communities, places them on the front lines of countless intersecting fronts. From food sovereignty, to environmental justice; liberatory health systems, to autonomous economies and governance, Black Women in Northern Cauca are desperately struggling to bring to life a future of peace and safety.1

Over the past week, hundreds of black women from the region of Northern Cauca, in southwestern Colombia have been participating in the National Inter-Ethnic Agrarian Protest. They have been blocking the Panamerican Highway and other primary roads throughout the region as part of a national protest of black, indigenous, and campesino communities demanding just agricultural policies, collective land titling, and an end to state and paramilitary threats, assassinations, and displacement. For the sisters of the Black Women’s Mobilization for the Care of Life and the Ancestral Territories their decision to participate in the national protest was an act of Revolutionary Mothering:

“We simply said that The People are protesting and that we, caretakers of life and our ancestral territories had to be a part of it, and we have been.”

Just over a year and a half ago, dozens of the women now engaged in the ongoing National Inter-Ethnic Agrarian Protest marched form their ancestral community to the capital city of Bogota, where they went on to occupy the ministry of interior until competent authorities were sent to negotiate in good faith. That mobilization captured national and international attention, as the women articulated their acts of resistance as necessary acts of mothering their lands, their children, their families and each other. Speaking against the pressures that would force them to flee from their ancestral rural homes, to the dangers of the city Francia Marquez, spokeswoman of the mobilization stated:

“We are not willing to be one more [of the 4 million displaced Colombians]. We are not willing to have our children in the streets, and having people in suit and ties treating them as if they were garbage. We are willing to remain in our territories. Because the territory, to us, has been our father, has been our mother, and it will continue to be for our children.”

Four weeks ago, the Black Women’s Mobilization participated in three days of protests of organized by the Association of Community Councils of Northern Cauca (ACONC), a regional organization made up by the various black communities that inhabit the region. They faced off against riot police who indiscriminately fired tear gas into homes, leading to the hospitalization of 3 babies.

“We feel sadness, disappointment, because of the abuses from the government, because of the death threats that we continue to receive. Because our territories continue to be destroyed and there isn’t a response from the national government despite talking about the peace process without offering any answers to these situations that are impacting us, and impacting the women disproportionally.”

Despite their sorrow, the sisters of the Black Women’s Mobilization continue to participate in regional and national protests.

The conclusion to why we participate are the same: Permanent failure of the government to honor our agreements, permanent violence, and the permanent lack of a guarantee of our rights. It’s the same. The same reason. We did the first protest, nothing came of it, so we said that we are going to do another because this one is national. And if we are suffering and we are making demands of the government, how would we not participate in national actions?”

3Around 80 women participated in the earlier days of the protest holding the blockades day and night. Over the past few days, hundreds have participated, taking turns resting, standing guard, childrearing, and making meals. Their actions speak to Christen A. Smith’s resounding testament to the tremendous vitality of Black Women’s resolve to safeguard their children:

“We will continue to invent ways to keep our children and ourselves alive and well. Radical Black mothering wants to trade sorrow; we do not need it to be our primary artifact. We will continue to invent ways to keep our children and ourselves alive and well.”Sorrow as Artifact: Radical Black Mothering in Times of Terror—A Prologue

The resolve of the Black Women’s Mobilization is all the more telling as their participation is nonetheless clouded by fear:

“Some come very afraid because three people have been killed. They’ve [Riot Police] killed three from the indigenous community just a bit from where we are. And farther down towards Buenaventura, another has been killed. So that generates fear, but nonetheless, we here, resisting, as they say.”

This is the second major protest in which the Black Women’s Mobilization has participated within a month. They will continue to participate in regional and national protests, as well as advancing a variety of community initiatives all aimed at ending the destruction of their lands, preventing their assassinations, and ensuring that future generations are able to reside on their ancestral territories.

“We are planning for November, in the context of the two-year anniversary of the first march of the Black Women’s Mobilization for the Care of Life and the Ancestral Territories, a strategy to create an encounter, a more national and if possible international, of women that are also struggling to care for life and their territories. It would be very important; women from Brazil, women from Honduras, women from the United States; from the African Continent if they can come it would be very important. We need to, as women, strengthen ourselves; more so as black women.”

For more information, including updates, and contact information pertaining to the ongoing struggles of black communities in Northern Cauca, please visit http://www.afrocolombian.org

 

ACSN Condemns Repression of Protestors, Urges Dialogue

We are writing to express our serious concern with the human rights crisis that is unfolding in Colombia today. A week ago a number of national and local organizations in Colombia – among them Afro-descendant organizations, agrarian organizations and Colombia’s National Indigenous Organization (ONIC) – began an historic national strike. The protest is a response to the Colombian government’s failure to honor its commitments to agrarian reform, and a call for the government to protect the rights of indigenous and Afro-Colombian communities.

Peaceful protestors have been met with brutal repression. The Escuadrón Móvil Antidisturbios (ESMAD) has used extreme force against these peaceful protesters, which has resulted in the death of three indigenous community members, and the injury of countless others. The government has also refused to engage in serious dialogue with leaders and has instead decided to remove protestors from the main roads in some regions in the country. We have close contact with a number of Afro-Colombian community leaders who are among the peaceful protestors in the North of Cauca, some of whom reported on June 3 that ESMAD forces were intermixed with regular police. This is bringing about an escalation of an otherwise peaceful protest at the same time that it may present violation of international human rights conventions. There are also numerous reports of racialized violence against protesters, including the use of disturbing racist slurs by ESMAD forces. Rather than treating these Colombians as peaceful protesters, the Colombian state has chosen to treat this as a declaration of war. We are deeply saddened by this situation and stand with the Colombians who find themselves on the streets, risking their lives to exercise their rights as citizens.

As the Colombian government continues to engage in peace negotiations with the FARC-EP in Cuba, it is important to note the blatant disregard for the rights of protesters is directly linked to the refusal to include an Ethnic Commission in the peace negotiations, which would help to mitigate the exclusion of indigenous and Afro-Colombian communities. This is despite a number of verbal commitments that were made in the last few months by Colombian state officials. These protests are, in part, a response to the systematic exclusion of these communities and organizations and the government’s failure to guarantee the individual and collective human rights of these communities. These rights are guaranteed in the 1991 constitution and in over two decades of subsequent legal norms and Constitutional Court decisions. We are appalled by the treatment of these peaceful protestors and the blatant disregard for civil rights that are unfolding in Colombia. This is especially disturbing because among the many protesters are people from Afro-Colombian and indigenous communities that have been historically marginalized and whose rights have been systematically denied.

Given this dire situation we urge the Colombian state to choose peace, to use restraint in dealing with protestors, and to respond to the concrete, and legally justified, demands that protesters have made. We also urge policymakers in the United States to look into this situation and to pressure the Colombian state to respect the rights of its citizens. The handling of this protest not only threatens to undermine the peace negotiations, it threatens to prospect for democracy and the rule of law in Colombia.

The Afro-Colombian Solidarity Network (ACSN) is an independent coalition of organizations and individuals in the United States (U.S.), formed in January 2008, working to promote international policies and programs that strengthen the territorial and human rights of Afro-Colombian communities. Working directly with grassroots Afro-Colombian organizations, ACSN undertakes strategic action in a number of areas including advocacy, visibility and fundraising. We support Afro-Colombian communities’ struggles for justice and self-determination.

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Colombian Authorities Unleash Tear Gas, Media Black-Out Against Black Communities in Second Day of Peaceful Protests in Northern Cauca

Yesterday, thousands of elders, children, women and men comprising hundreds of families from the 41 Afro-Colombian community councils in Northern Cauca, initiated a peaceful protest along the main Pan-American Highway in Northern Cauca to demand that the Colombian Government respect the constitutional rights of black communities to autonomous governance of their lands. After withstanding beatings, tear gas, and smoke grenades, the Governor of the State of Cauca assured the communities that officials from the National Government would arrive for negotiations by noon on Tuesday, April 26th.

Instead, Colombian authorities sent low-level administrators that lacked the authority to reach binding agreements, and deployed the National Army into schools in blatant violation of International Humanitarian Law. After the communities insisted on negotiating with capable officials of the Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Mining, and Ministry of the Environment, the militarized police of the Mobile Anti-Disturbance Squad (ESMAD) launched tear gas canisters into residential homes, injuring dozens of elders and children, including a newborn child currently battling for her life at a local hospital. At least an additional fourteen protesters have been detained. Demonstrators also note that cell-phone services have been blocked, heightening their vulnerability to continued violations of their constitutional and human rights.

Nonetheless, hundreds of families continue to demand that the Colombian Government recognize their collective land rights as mandated by Law 70 of 1993. Organize are firm in their commitment to peaceful protest until an agreement is reached with the appropriate government representatives. Until then, the blockade of the Pan-American Highway will remain, and the community calls upon national and international solidarity to ensure the safety and respect of the rights of the families out in protest. As the largest purveyor of military resources to the Colombian government, the U.S. Government has the responsibility to urge Colombia to investigate the ESMAD’s disproportionate use of force, violence and aggressive tactics towards civilians who are protesting peacefully for their rights.

To support the communities’ efforts, please tweet:

“@JuanManSantos, @carmeninesVicen We are deeply concerned re: report that afrocolombian children are affected by esmad actions in Cauca”.

To help provide food, water, medical supplies and other vital necessities of their ongoing struggle for black land liberation by donating here, and staying informed via www.afrocolombian.org.