Letter to Santos Demanding Implementation of Law 70

May 3, 2018

JUAN MANUEL SANTOS
President of the Republic

GUILLERMO RIVERA FLÓREZ
Minister of interior

RE: Integral and Full Regulation of Law 70 of 1993

August 26, 2018 is the twenty-fifth anniversary of Law 70 of 1993, recognized as one of the most important laws related to the rights of the African Diaspora in the continent. In spite of this, we have waited throughout these twenty-five years for the integral and complete regulation of this law so that our people can fully exercise our legally recognized collective rights, historically denied to us.

In August 2013 during the First Autonomous National Congress of Black Peoples, you publicly committed to regulating Law 70 before December 2013. That never happened. The issue did not return to the government’s agenda until the 2016 Minga in Santander de Quilichao and the 2017 strikes in Chocó and Buenaventura, which forced the government to agree to regulate chapters IV, V, VI, VII, and VIII of Law 70. As a result, this government submitted a proposal for the integral and complete regulation of the law to the National Space for Prior Consultation (Espacio Nacional de Consulta Previa), which was created via mandate through the judicial decision, Sentence T 576/2014. However, in its consultation with the National Space for Prior Consultation, the government left out many issues as well as the majority of Afro-Colombians that live in urban and rural contexts under the premise that they do not correspond with collectively titled territories. Nobody knows for sure about the state of these consultation processes, and the current administration will leave in less than 100 days without resolving this issue, which was a commitment and a necessity for our people.

Moreover, we must alert you to one of the consequences of the lack of regulation: it was impossible for our peoples – as well as the Community Councils and organizations that they are a part of – to participate in the formulation of the National Development Plan for Black Communities included in Article 57 of Law 70 of 1993. According to Decree 3050/2002, the formation of the Investigative Commission (Comisión de Estudios), which is referred to in Article 57, is conditioned on the existence and functioning of the Sub-Commission on Development (Subcomisión de Desarrollo) of the High Level Consultative Commission (Comisión Consultiva de Alto Nivel). This already occurred with the National Development Plan 2014-2018, which included only two specific articles that in general have not been complied with. Even though this is a long discussion, we want to emphasize the difference between the prior consultation for the National Development Plan for the next government and the participatory mechanisms of the National Development Plan for Black Communities ordered by Law 70 of 1993.

The absence of an integral and fully regulated Law 70 of 1993, and the particular issue related to Article 57 of Law 70, constitutes an unacceptable situation given the absence of specific policies, indicators, and resources, which has resulted in the violation of our recognized rights, including the right to culturally specific development. This led to the mobilizations that then resulted in a commitment to the regulation of Law 70, putting it on the public agenda.

Considering the importance of the integral and complete regulation of Chapters IV, V, VI, VII, and VIII of Law 70 of 1993 towards addressing the racial inequalities experienced by millions of Afro-Colombians, we demand that you:

  • Adopt all of the urgent measures in order to ensure that your commitment to regulate Law 70 of 1993 integrally and completely becomes a reality before August 7, 2018.
  • Take urgent steps that enable the formulation of the National Plan for Black Communities ordered by Article 57 of 1993 and include specific policies for our peoples in the National Development Plan.

A crisis was created during your government for the entire system of participation for black communities, and it was your lack of resolve that impeded the full exercise of our rights. This month of May – Afro-Colombian Month, a month that commemorates the abolition of enslavement – offers you the opportunity to honor your word.

Sincerely,

Maria Angulo, former member of the Special Commission for Black Communities – AT55 C.P

Jorge Aramburo, former member of the Special Commission for Black Communities- AT55 C.P

Rudecindo Castro, former member of the Special Commission for Black Communities- AT55 C.P

Arnulfo Cuero, former member of the Special Commission for Black Communities- AT55 C.P

Silvio Garces, former member of the Special Commission for Black Communities- AT55 C.P

Francia Elena Márquez Mina, Goldman Environmental Prize Winner, 2018

Elver Montaño, former member of the Special Commission for Black Communities – AT55 C.P

Victor Hugo Moreno Mina, High Commissioner ACONC

Leyner Palacios A, Global Pluralism Award 2017

Jaime Perea, former member of the Special Commission for Black Communities – AT55 C.P

Moisés Pérez Casseres, Plaintiff for Sentence T-576/14 that created the ENCP

Carlos Rosero, former member of the Special Commission for Black Communities – AT55 C.P

Trifilo Anotnio Viveros Payán, former member of the Special Commission for Black Communities – AT55 C.P

CC:

FERNANDO CARRILLO FLÓREZ, Inspector General of the Nation (Procurador General de la Nación)

CARLOS ALFONSO NEGRET MOSQUERA, Human Rights Ombudsman of Colombia

ALBERTO BRUNORI, Colombia Representative of the High Commission of Human Rights, United Nations

TENDAYI ACHIUME, Special Rapporteur on Contemporary Forms of Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, United Nations

MARGARETTE MAY MACAULAY, Rapporteur on the Rights of Afro-descendants and Against Racial Discrimination, Organization of American States

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International Letter Demands Freedom for Sara Quiñonez and Tulia Maris Valencia

CONTACT:

Charo Mina Rojas
Human Rights and International Coordinator, PCN
Tel: +57-314-370-8931
E-Mail: charominarojas@gmail.com

April 26, 2018

International Letter Demands Freedom for Sara Quiñonez and Tulia Maris Valencia
Afro-Colombian Social Movement Leaders Detained on False Charges

For Immediate ReleaseIndividuals and organizations from around the world sent a letter (en español) today to Colombian Attorney General Nestor Humberto Martinez demanding that the government drop its baseless charges against social movement leaders Sara Quiñonez and her mother Tulia Maris Valencia. Both women are human rights defenders from the Afro-Colombian Community Council of Alto Mira and Frontera and members of the Black Communities Process (Proceso de Comunidades Negras, PCN).

The human rights advocates face politically motivated accusations as a result of their work on behalf of the collective and human rights of Afro-descendant communities. At their arraignment hearing on April 25, a judge refused to release them pending trial. On April 24, Ms. Quiñonez and Ms. Valencia sent the following message from the courtroom in Cali: “We are women who defend the rights of Afro-Colombian peoples. We are innocent!

Social movement leaders are particularly alarmed that the government is targeting advocates for arrest while failing to address the dramatic spike in threats and killings against human rights defenders in Colombia since the signing of the Peace Accords. Ms. Quiñonez and Ms. Valencia were forcibly displaced as a result of the threats against them. Following the murders of Genaro Garcia (2015) and Jair Cortes (2017), fellow members of the Community Council of Alto Mira and Frontera, Ms. Quiñonez was forcibly displaced with her family to another part of the country where she received protection measures from both Colombia’s own National Protection Unit and from the Inter-American Human Rights Commission.

Advocates are concerned the April 20 arrests signal that the government is criminalizing efforts to defend the constitutionally recognized collective and territorial rights of Afro-Colombian people. “We are concerned that these arrests are a dangerous harbinger of a possible return to the pre-Peace Accords period where human rights activists – and especially Afro-Colombian activists – were prime targets of the Colombian state,” said Jaribu Hill, Mississippi Workers Center for Human Rights and Black Alliance for Peace (BAP) Coordinating Committee.

The Afro-Colombian Community Council of Alto Mira and Frontera has been subjected to violence and dispossession at the hands of paramilitary groups, guerrilla groups, narcotics traffickers, soldiers, and multinational corporation over the course of decades. Ms. Quiñonez served as the President and later as the Vice-President of the Community Council, and Ms. Tulia Maris Valencia is also a well-known leader of the women’s group and serves on local committees in the Community Council. Thanks to their crucial work in defense of the community’s rights, the Community Council of Alto Mira and Frontera is one of the few cases prioritized in the Ethnic Chapter of the Peace Accords between the FARC and the Colombian government.

Afro-Colombian women human rights defenders like Ms. Quiñonez and Ms. Valencia are at the forefront of the type of social justice movements that will lead to meaningful peace, and their work must be permitted to continue. We join with Colombian social movements calling for the authorities to drop the baseless charges against Ms. Quiñonez and Ms. Valencia, and immediately release them,” said Yifat Susskind, Executive Director of MADRE.

Afro-Colombian Social Movement Leaders Arrested

Human rights and social justice organizations from Colombia and international community question arrests of Afro-Colombian activists. On April 20, the Colombian government arrested around thirty people in southwestern Colombia that included the Afro-Colombian leaders Sara Quiñonez and her mother Tulia Maris Valencia based on accusations of narcotics trafficking and working with the National Liberation Army (ELN) guerrilla group. However, both Ms. Quiñonez and Ms. Valencia are members of the Black Communities’ Process (Proceso de Comunidades Negras, PCN) social movement and have risked their lives to defend the individual and collective rights of Afro-Colombians.

The arrests of black activists are part of a systematic campaign to challenge the legitimacy of Afro-Colombian rights, and criminalizing the defense of human rights undermines the tenuous status of the Peace Accords. In 2012, another PCN activist Felix Banguero was arrested along with 27 others under similar circumstances for allegedly belonging to the FARC. After spending more than two years in an overcrowded prison, Banguero was released based on insufficient evidence. He continues to maintain his innocence and remains committed to the struggle for Afro-Colombian rights.

The arrests of Afro-Colombian activists Sara Liliana Quiñonez Valencia and her mother Tulia Marys Valencia are particularly concerning. Ms. Quiñonez currently has protective measures from the Inter-American Human Rights Commission (IACHR) due to death threats against her and the entire leadership of the Community Council of Alto Mira and Frontera located in Tumaco on the Colombian border with Ecuador. Ms. Quiñonez continued to defend the rights of the Afro-Colombian Community Council, even after the high-profile murders of her fellow community leaders Genaro Garcia in 2015 and Jair Cortés in 2017. Following the murders, Ms. Quiñonez was forcibly displaced with her family, including her mother Mrs. Tulia Maris, to another part of the country where she received protection measures provided by Colombia’s National Protection Unit (UNP).

ACSN expresses deep concern regarding their arrests and joins the call of the Colombian social movements to drop the charges and release Ms. Quiñonez and her mother Tulia Maris Valencia. According to PCN, “If our leaders (lideres y lideresas) stay in the territory, they are murdered—if they leave the territory, they are criminalized.”

Take Action on Twitter with the following message:

., ! These Black women are defending the right to life in the ancestral territories of the Afro-Colombian Community Council of Alto Mira and Frontera in Tumaco. There, Black communitiess are relentlessly attacked. !

@FiscaliaCol #SarayTuliaMarisLibres! Son mujeres Negras defensoras de la vida en los territorios ancestrales del #PuebloNegro del Consejo Comunitario Alto Mira y Frontera en Tumaco donde la vida se asedia cada minuto. #Justicia! #SarayTuliaMarisLibres! @PGN_COL @CIDH @renacientes

For additional information, please contact:

Charo Mina Rojas, International Coordinator of the Black Communities’ Process (PCN): charominarojas@gmail.com

Gimena Sanchez, Director for the Andes of the Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA): gsanchez@wola.org

Anthony Dest, Coordinating Committee of Afro-Colombian Solidarity Network (ACSN): dest.anthony@gmail.com

Alert Regarding the Criminalization of Human Rights Defenders and Activists of the Black Communities’ Process (PCN) Sara Liliana Quiñonez Valencia and Tulia Marys Valencia

Defending Human Rights is Not a Crime*

*Statement by the Black Communities’ Process (Proceso de Comunidades Negras, PCN)

Cali, Valle del Cauca
April 20, 2018

On April 20, 2018 at 6:29 a.m., agents from the Directorate of Criminal Investigation (DIJIN) detained two human rights defenders and activists from the Black Communities’ Process (Proceso de Comunidades Negras, PCN) in Cali on the orders of the Attorney General’s Office. SARA LILIANA QUIÑONEZ VALENCIA and TULIA MARYS VALENCIA QUIÑONEZ are accused of rebellion and belonging to the National Liberation Army (Ejército de Liberación Nacional, ELN) guerrilla group. Sara and her mother Tulia have dedicated their lives to defending the collective ethnic rights of the black community in Alto Mira and Frontera.

Sara Liliana Quiñonez Valencia and Tulia Marys Valencia are from Tumaco, Nariño. Sara once served as the President and later as the Vice President of the Afro-Colombian Community Council of Alto Mira and Frontera. In 2015, Sara and her family were victims of forced displacement after she received threats against her life, safety, and wellbeing due to her work with the Community Council in defending and strengthening the collective ethnic rights of her community. She was forcibly displaced a second time in October 2017 after the leadership of the Afro-Colombian Community Council of Alto Mira and Frontera was threatened and subsequently displaced. Two legal representatives of the Afro-Colombian Community Council of Alto Mira and Frontera, along with other leaders from the community, have been murdered.

At the time of her arrest, Sara and her nuclear family were living in a state of forced displacement in Cali with protective measures from the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights, as well as a protection scheme from the Colombian National Protection Unit (Unidad Nacional de Protección, UNP). Ms. Tulia Marys Valencia, Sara’s mother, is also a well-known local leader for her work in support of the individual and collective rights of the Afro-Colombian community. She is part of the women’s group and local committees of the Afro-Colombian Community Council of Alto Mira and Frontera.

In light of this concerning situation of criminalization, persecution, stigmatization, and the violation of the fundamental rights to life, liberty, and justice, we alert the international and national human rights organizations, women’s organizations, and other sister organizations to advocate and take action in order to ensure that there are guarantees for their rights to integrity, their good names, protection, dignity, and legal defense. If our leaders (lideres y lideresas) stay in the territory, they are murdered—if they leave the territory, they are criminalized.

May peace not rob us of the little we were left by the war!

Alerta sobre Incriminación de las Defensoras de Derechos Humanos y Activistas del Proceso de Comunidades Negras en Colombia

Defender los derechos humanos No es un delito*

*Comunicado del Proceso de Comunidades Negras (PCN)

Hoy viernes 20 de Abril del 2018 en la ciudad de Cali- Valle, siendo las 6:29 de las mañana, fue detenida por miembros de LA DIJIN de Bogotá, bajo órdenes de la Fiscalía General de la Nación – Bogotá, las compañeras defensoras de derechos humanos y activistas del Proceso de Comunidades Negras en Colombia (PCN); SARA LILIANA QUIÑONEZ VALENCIA Y TULIA MARYS VALENCIA QUIñONEZ, a las cuales se les sindica de rebelión, y ser parte del grupo guerrillero ELN. Sara y Tulia, son madre e hija y se han dedicado a la defensa de los derechos étnicos colectivos de la comunidad negra del Alto Mira y Frontera.

Sara Liliana Quiñonez Valencia y Tulia Marys Valencia, son oriundas de Tumaco- Nariño. Sara ha ido Presidenta y vicepresidenta de la junta de gobierno del Consejo Comunitario Alto Mira y Frontera. En el 2015 Sara y su familia fueron víctimas de desplazamiento forzado, tras amenazas contra la vida e integridad física y moral de Sara, por la labor que asumió como parte del gobierno propio en pro de la defensa y protección de los derechos étnicos colectivos de su comunidad. Su segundo desplazamiento se provocó en octubre de 2017, cuando la junta del Consejo Comunitario del Alto Mira y Frontera fue amenazada y en consecuencia desplazada; ha este consejo comunitario le han asesinado dos de sus representantes legales y otros miembros de la junta de gobierno. En la actualidad Sara y su nucleo familiar se encuentraban en situación de desplazamiento forzado en la ciudad de Cali, bajo medida cautelar de la Comision Interamericana de Derechos Humanos y con esquema de proteccion de la UNP. Doña Tulia Marys Valencia, madre de Sara, es igualmente una reconocida lideresa local, por su trayectoria a favor de los derechos individuales y colectivos de su comunidad afrocolombiana, hace parte de las juntas veredales del consejo comunitario y del grupo de mujeres Alto Mira y frontera.

Ante esta preocupante situación de incriminación, persecución, estigmatización y violación de los derechos fundamentales a la vida, libertad y la justicia, alertamos a las organizaciones internacionales y nacionales de derechos humanos, dinámicas de mujeres y organizaciones hermanas a adelantar acciones de incidencia en el marco de las garantías de los derechos a la integridad, el buen nombre, la protección, la dignidad y la legitima defensa de las lideresas; Sara Liliana Quiñonez Valencia y Tulia Marys Valencia.

A nuestros lideres y lideresas si permanecen en el territorio los asesinan y si salen del mismo los criminalizan.